Bog cotton and sedges on cutaway in Autumn

Habitats

The importance of peatland rehabilitation lies in the habitat it provides for flora and fauna, both common and endangered.

Dew on BranchHow are habitats created?

Cutaway bog emerges from large peat production complexes on a piecemeal basis and until such times as an extensive area of cutaway can be isolated from production use, natural colonisation generally proceeds and results in stabilisation of the bare peat surface by species such as rushes and sedges.

When does this happen?

The natural colonisation process generally begins within the first year that an area is taken out of production and as time progresses the vegetation trend is from pioneer species to more complex poor fen or grassland communities, and wetland/scrub mosaics according to the local hydrology.

Habitats on Cutaway Bog

The ecology survey has shown that 25+ plant communities have been recorded on the cutaway bog areas to date and as many communities are recorded on the fringe areas surrounding the Bord na Móna bogs. The former bare peat fields are thereby stabilised environmentally with the added benefit of spontaneous re-establishment of extensive areas of biodiversity.

Across our cutaway bogs, you can see many different habitats, many of which form part of the rehabilitation, one giving way to the next. Some of these habitats include bare peat, pioneer vegetation, poor fen, Birch scrub, fringe areas and wildlife corridors.

Species

It may be said that most of the flora and fauna to be found on the rehabilitated bogs are entirely common to Ireland, however there are also a number of species of high conservation value using the cutaway bogs. Why not find out more about the flora and fauna observed on our cutaway bogs.